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What To Eat To Avoid Gastritis

What is Gastritis?

Gastritis is a digestive condition that is fairly common involving inflammation of the digestive tract—specifically the stomach lining. Common symptoms are belly pain, vomiting, and diarrhea. Many of these symptoms can be managed and even avoided altogether by altering your diet. Gastritis may be caused by diet, lifestyle factors, infections, and some diseases. In severe cases of gastritis, stomach ulcers may result, as well as an increased risk of cancer. Therefore, symptom and severity management is very important, as it may extend your life.

Foods to Eat to Improve Symptoms

It is unclear, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, whether diet actually causes gastritis, but according to anecdotal evidence from patients, changing one’s diet can help manage symptoms and lessen their severity and frequency. Many foods are known to have anti-inflammatory properties, and eating them can aid symptom management.

Foods with Anti-inflammatory Properties

  • Nuts like walnuts, hazelnuts, and almonds
  • Fishes high in oils, like sardines, mackerel, and salmon
  • Dark leafy greens like spinach, kale, arugula, and cabbage
  • Olive oil
  • Fruits like cherries, raspberries, strawberries, and blueberries
  • Certain spices, like ginger, garlic, and turmeric

Probiotic Foods

Recent research has shown that eating probiotic foods like yogurt can help prevent harmful bacteria like Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) from taking hold in the gut, which helps to maintain gut health. This research has not been shown to be absolutely conclusive but it is pointing in the right direction.

Other foods that contain good bacteria include:

  • Kimchi
  • Tempeh
  • Kefir
  • Saurkraut
  • Sourdough bread
  • Miso

Foods to Avoid with Gastritis

Some foods are notorious for irritating the stomach lining, which can significantly worsen the symptoms associated with gastritis. Some of them include:

  • Spicy foods
  • Fatty foods
  • Alcohol
  • Acidic drinks like tomato and/or orange juice
  • Caffeine
  • Processed meats
  • Sweetened drinks qand soda
  • Sugary foods
  • Refined carbohydrates
  • Smoking
  • Taking NSAIDS long term
  • Stress

Common Causes of Gastritis

A study performed in 2015 cited the most common cause of gastritis as being the bacteria G. pylori. This bacteria is passed between people by direct contact with stool, vomit, or saliva.

Common Symptoms of Gastritis

  • Decreased appetite
  • Belching, bloating, or a constant feeling of fullness, especially after eating
  • Nausea/vomiting
  • Abdominal pain
  • Constant pain between the lower ribs and the navel

In very serious cases of gastritis that is long-term or chronic, the stomach lining can be destroyed, which can result in an acid-free stomach. Unfortunately, this is a serious condition that can lead to peptic ulcers and even cancer long-term. This may also result in poor vitamin absorption, especially absorption of Vitamin B12.

Treatment

Avoiding the potential triggers of gastritis listed above will go a long way toward the prevention and treatment of gastritis. Keeping a food diary may also help a person identify what their gastritis triggers are so that they can avoid them.

Several medications can be helpful as well, especially over the counter antacids and H2 blockers like cimetidine and famotidine. Proton pump inhibitors like omeprazole and lansoprazole may also be helpful.

Prevention

Avoid consuming the foods and drinks listed above that are known to irritate the stomach, avoid NSAIDS, practice self-care strategies to avoid stress, and avoid an H. pylori infection by frequent hand washing, cooking and cleaning food thoroughly before consumption, and ensuring that all drinking water is clean.

Posted By : Jenny H.
On : 1.2.21
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